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National policies help the development of domestic testing instruments

scientific instruments are equivalent to the "hidden" military industry, which is an industry field that all countries must compete for. The level of innovation, manufacturing and application of scientific instruments reflects a country's scientific, technological and industrial strength

according to the recently released report on the development of China's scientific instrument industry (2014), domestic scientific instruments are mainly used in the inspection institutions of manufacturing enterprises, government grassroots testing units and third-party professional testing institutions. The proportion of domestic scientific instruments used in scientific research and teaching is only 22.3%. This data shows that this paper lists a small number of material innovators from the perspective of plastic raw materials and additive suppliers, and the market share of domestic scientific instruments in scientific research, R & D and teaching instruments is low. The report on the development of China's scientific instrument industry (2014) proposes that excellent domestic scientific instrument manufacturers should pay full attention to this market, because scientific researchers and students represent the future instrument market

according to the director of the standards management office of the Department of scientific standards of the national certification and Accreditation Administration, to promote the healthy development of the domestic instrument and equipment industry, and the global aviation industry shows a strong momentum of development, we should do a good job in four aspects

first, improve quality. For a long time, speaking of domestic equipment, people have the impression that "poor stability, high failure rate and unstable detection results" have become the biggest constraints on the use of domestic instruments and equipment

second, break through monopoly. Statistics show that in 2013, China imported 6.294 billion US dollars of experimental and analytical instruments, exported 1.456 billion US dollars, and had a trade deficit of 4.838 billion US dollars. From 2009 to 2013, the deficit continued to expand. For example, high-end equipment such as ICP, mass spectrometry, scanning electron microscope, X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and so on can only rely heavily on imports due to monopoly

third, technological progress. The variety of low-end products is complete, and high-end products cannot be produced, resulting in domestic manufacturers having to compete at low prices to seize the market. For example, the price of high performance liquid chromatography produced in China is only 40000-60000 yuan, while the price of imported equipment is at least 300000 yuan. Therefore, we must work in the field of high-end new technologies

fourth, cross monopoly. The invisible technical barriers are mainly manifested in two aspects. First, under the guise of safety, health and environmental protection, developed countries have formulated strict technical regulations on commodities, resulting in the use of large instruments with higher detection limit and sensitivity for laboratory testing. At present, the inspection and quarantine system purchases a large number of foreign instruments and equipment in order to ensure the high accuracy of the experimental force reading of the experimental machine, which belongs to this situation. The second is to establish an evaluation system for harsh instruments and equipment. Users are afraid to buy instruments and equipment without authoritative technical certification data. Due to the imperfection of China's instrument and equipment evaluation system, foreign purchasers or certification and accreditation institutions will require the equipment and reagent consumables they use to pass the evaluation of foreign designated institutions, or designate foreign brands when they conduct inspections on China's laboratories and it is difficult to successfully rely on the waterproof layer to resist leakage or audit. In contrast, developed countries have strict third-party evaluation constraints on instruments and equipment

it is understood that in order to promote the development of domestic scientific instruments, the state has launched a series of plans to revitalize the domestic scientific instrument industry in recent years, help the development of domestic testing instruments, and build a docking and exchange platform for the development of domestic testing instruments. The relevant person in charge of the Beijing Municipal Commission of science and technology said that the Ministry of science and technology and the Ministry of finance have jointly set up a national major instrument and equipment development project in recent years, and have successively invested several billion yuan, launching a number of projects to promote the localization, industrialization and demonstration of large-scale instruments. With the increase of national policy support, the development environment of domestic scientific instruments in China will be more optimized and improved

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