Will it make Chinese industrial workers unemployed

2022-07-23
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Will it make Chinese industrial workers unemployed?

in the ten years from 2004 to 2013, the average wage of Chinese manufacturing employees has tripled, with an average annual increase of 15%. On the contrary, the cost of industrial robots has decreased by about 50% in the past 10 years

Google Inc. of the United States once again invested in small technology companies. This time, it invested in savioke, a silicon valley robot company that was just established last year and has not yet launched any products

in December last year, Google just bought Boston power, a robotics company. In the six months before it bought Boston power, Google has successively annexed seven robotics companies around the world. They can manufacture the best manipulator, manipulator, motion system and image processor

why did Google enter the robot field? Maybe we can get the answer from Amazon's action

Amazon purchased KIV at a price of US $775million in march2012. Due to the vibration during the experiment, it is easy to loose a. a year later, Amazon began to deploy robots from Kiva in the warehouse. According to statistics, these robots can help Amazon save up to 916million dollars a year

Zhejiang Province in China has also recently launched a bold plan: 36000 Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size will strive to complete the technical transformation of machine replacement within three years before 2017, with an annual investment of no less than 300billion yuan

the question that follows is whether industrial robots and service robots are ahead of time? What should Chinese workers do

the 10 trillion market is about to open

Terry Gou once said that Foxconn would employ 300000 robots in 2012 for monotonous and dangerous work to improve the company's production efficiency. In April this year, Gou claimed that many of our factories have turned off the lights for production, which does not require personnel and relies entirely on robots and manipulators

according to the statistics of the International Federation of robotics, China purchased 36560 industrial robots in 2013. The purchase volume exceeded that of Japan, known as the kingdom of robotics, for the first time, ranking first in the world, two years ahead of the original forecast

behind this is China's rapidly rising labor costs and the rapid decline in robot prices. In the past few years, with China's demographic dividend peaking, labor shortages began to occur frequently. In particular, a large number of post-80s and post-90s young people are no longer willing to do those hard, dirty and dangerous jobs

relevant data show that in the ten years from 2004 to 2013, the average wage of Chinese manufacturing employees has increased three times, with an average annual increase of 15%. On the contrary, the cost of industrial robots has decreased by about 50% in the past 10 years. Robots have become the saviors of China's manufacturing industry

at present, industrial robots are mainly used in automobile and 3C industries (computer, communication and consumer electronics). Among them, the automobile and parts industry accounts for about half of the use of industrial robots, and the electronics industry accounts for about one third. Zhuhaitao, chief analyst of Guosen Securities machinery and military industry, introduced to Yingcai that these robots are mainly used to make more complex and precise products, or work in dangerous, extreme and boring environments

it is the general trend of the domestic manufacturing industry to replace manual labor with industrial robots. However, under the careful consideration of costs and benefits, most enterprises are tangled at the critical point of being unable to get on the robot

is robot mobilization ahead of schedule in China

in this regard, liqingjie, general manager of Energy Department of Shenyang Xinsong robot, told Yingcai that the development of robots is not ahead of schedule. During the eighth five year plan, a number of companies made robots, but most of them withdrew. At that time, they were indeed ahead of schedule. Now, robots are being built all over the world. In China, software can also be used to acquiesce in common steps; Labor costs are rising rapidly. In addition, there are problems such as labor environment and technology upgrading

according to songjunen, the Secretary of Huichuan technology company, the adoption of robots by enterprises is mainly passive. With the increase of labor cost and management difficulty, and the improvement of production process and production efficiency requirements, more and more enterprises will choose robots

perhaps the curtain of replacing people with machines has opened, but the arrival of the critical point in most industries is a process of gradually spreading by clamping various samples one by one. According to the prediction of the machinery and military industry research group of Guosen Securities, China will probably reach the critical point of large-scale robot replacement in 2016

according to public data, in 2012, the robot density in Korean manufacturing industry was 396 sets/10000 people, that in Japan was 339 sets/10000 people, and that in China was only 23 sets/10000 people, less than half of the international average of 58 sets

at present, the annual output value of China's manufacturing industry is close to US $2trillion, but the production mode is still manual. If Chinese enterprises can invest 20% of the output value in automation transformation, this demand will lead to a market potential of 10trillion. Zhuhaitao said

breakthrough of domestic robots

the huge market expectation has attracted foreign mainstream robot manufacturers to step up the layout of the Chinese market. In recent years, KUKA of Germany, abb of Switzerland, Yaskawa electric, FANUC of Japan and other four robot giants have rushed to China to invest in the construction of Asia Pacific level production base. ABB has even put the global robot business headquarters and one of the two production bases in Shanghai

in fact, the current domestic robot market has been dominated by foreign giants. Multinational enterprises account for 90% of the Chinese robot market, including FANUC, Yaskawa, KUKA and abb, which account for about 65% of the market

although the domestic robot enterprises represented by Xinsong robot, Huichuan technology and Guangzhou CNC have a strong development momentum, they still have a large gap with multinational giants. The biggest problem is that the core components such as servo motor, reducer and controller cannot be produced by themselves, or the cost performance is not high

Chinese enterprises are still at the low end of the global industrial chain. Take Siemens in Germany as an example. Instead of manufacturing robots, Siemens provides programming software, controllers and other technical support for the development of robots, that is, it provides brains for robots. According to liangnaiming, CEO of Siemens Industrial Software Greater China, introduced to talents, Siemens has launched comprehensive strategic cooperation with KUKA company to strengthen its leading position in related fields

fortunately, the stock of robots in China is still very small. So how can domestic manufacturers change their market position in the upcoming incremental part

if China's robot industry wants to rapidly promote its application, it must first solve the problems of cost and ease of use. Songjunen stressed that we must face the current situation of the industry and not be impetuous

of course, the competitors of Chinese robot enterprises now also have such troublemakers as Google

the level of Yaskawa and Fanuc is very high. But they are also traditional operation modes, and they all play cards according to the industry conventions. Li Qingjie frankly said that Google's cross-border robots may exceed the normal industry development trajectory in the future. He thinks that Google wants to connect robotics with big data, and we may also cooperate with companies with big data background

as for whether robots will affect workers' employment, Li Qingjie believes that on the surface, the development of robots will affect some employment; However, the robot industry itself will generate a large number of employment opportunities

Erik Brynjolfsson, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of technology, pointed out that new technologies have been creating jobs and destroying them. But the data shows that the rate of new jobs is not as fast as before

it can be seen that the replacement of machines should be led by the market rather than promoted by human beings

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